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23 de ago de 2010

The Golden Age of the Pharaohs

The mummy of Ramesses III, whose famous mortuary temple, Medinet Habu, resides on the West Bank in Luxor. This beautiful temple is one of the best preserved mortuary temples and features detailed scenes of the Beautiful Festival of the Valley, as well as the famous battle against the Sea Peoples. The mummy of Ramesses III can be seen in the Royal Mummy Room at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. (Photo: Sandro Vannini)

The war chariot of Tutankhamun has arrived safely in New York City! The chariot is now on display at the Discovery Center in Times Square as part of the "Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs" exhibit. Read more on the chariot's arrival in the New York Times. (Photo: Sandro Vannini)

This statue of Khafre was carved out of diorite stone in the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. The statue was found in the Valley Temple of Khafre at Giza, next to the Sphinx. This piece is my favorite piece in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. The great pharaoh Khafre is seated on his throne wearing the royal neme-headdress, a short kilt and false beard. On each side of the throne is carved the sema-tawy motif, a symbol of the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. I like to walk around this statue and see Horus the falcon wrapped around the head of the king. I imagine that the artist envisioned this as a symbol of Horus taking the king up to the sky in the afterlife. I never cease to be amazed by this masterpiece of Egyptian art that was created 4,500 years ago. (Photo: Kenneth Garrett)

The Temple of Edfu, dedicated to the falcon god Horus, is one of the best preserved and largest temples in Egypt. The temple was constructed during the reign of several Ptolemaic pharaohs between the period of 237 and 57 BC. The temple was thought to be built on the site of the battle between Horus and Seth, from which Horus emerged victorious. (Photo Ken Garrett)

Interior of the mastaba of Idu at Giza.  Statues of the deceased stand in niches along the east wall of the mastaba, surrounded by inscriptions of offering formulas and the titles of Idu, who was an official in the 6th Dynasty.  (Photo: Sandro Vannini)

The head of a statue of Amenhotep III.  Once in the possession of a British antiquities dealer, it was seized by the British police and returned to Egypt when the SCA provided documentation of its illicit exit from Egypt.  It is now on display at the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, as part of an exhibit on artifacts returned to Egypt.  (Photo: Sandro Vannini)

The outer coffin of Sennedjem’s son, Khonsu now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. The coffin is painted yellow and decorated with funerary texts, along with religious images often seen on tomb walls. (Photo: Sandro Vannini) 

A number of golden artifacts found in the burial chamber of Na-Sa II in Bahariya Oasis, including golden nail stalls, a heart amulet in the shape of one of the names of King Apries, a djed-pillar amulet, bracelets, and other amulets. (Photo: Ken Garrett)

A view of the interior of Theban Tomb 3. (Photo: Sandro Vannini)

Wooden boat model from the Teti Pyramid Cemetery at Saqqara, now in the Imhotep Museum (Photo: Sandro Vannini)

The interior Theban Tomb 1, on the West Bank of Luxor.  Scenes in these tombs reflect daily life activities as well as religious themes.  (Photo: Sandro Vannini)

Canopic jars of Yuya and Thuya, the parents of Queen Tiye, the wife of Amenhotep III. (Photo: Sandro Vannini) 

Mummy C found inside Tomb 54 in the Valley of the Golden Mummies in Bahariya Oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt. (Photo: Sandro Vannini)

This fragment of a mosaic floor, showing a dog alongside an overturned bronze jug, was found during the construction of the New Library of Alexandria. It is now part of the library’s museum. The mosaic is extremely detailed; the dog’s red collar can clearly be seen and the artist has carefully modelled the reflection of light on the bronze jug. It likely dates to the Second Century BC.

Relief from the newly discovered temple in the Sinai, depicting Thutmose II before Ra-Horakhty. Photo: Supreme Council of Antiquities

Um comentário:

  1. FANTASTIC documentation and outstanding photography!

    ciao ciao elvira